Arsip Propinsi Sulawesi Selatan
The provincial archive of South Sulawesi is a government institution with holdings from the Dutch, Japanese, and independence periods. The great strengths are in local, kabupaten-level archives, although a few personal collections are also worth looking into. This is arguably the best provincial collection in all of Indonesia, including holdings for all of Sulawesi (which until the mid-1950s was administered centrally from Makassar) and sometimes further afield in East Indonesia.
Jln. Perintis Kemerdekaan, Km. 12, No. 146/ PO Box 1380; Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan 90245
(+62)(411) 583191 or 583095
Schedule & hours
The reading room is open Monday-Friday, roughly 9am-4pm. This varies with the availability of the staff, and sometimes school groups receiving tours can fill up the reading room. Of course, as a government office they are closed on all national holidays. The reading room remains open during the lunch hour every day and during Friday prayers, although service for calling archives from the repository does not operate from roughly 11:30am-1pm each day, and 11:30am- 1:30 or 2pm on Fridays. It is also difficult to get documents delivered after 2:30pm or so every day.
The archives are in both Dutch and Indonesian, as appropriate for the government of the era. No archives are in Japanese, and regional languages are minimal. The standard language for service is Indonesian, although a Sulawesi lilt in one's accent is appreciated.
Directions to the archive
The archive is on the road from town out to the airport. Blue pete-pete (angkot) labeled BTP (with a mauve stripe) or Daya (with a purple stripe) pass right in front of it. If taking a taxi from the city center, tell the driver to pass Rumah Sakit Wahidin and then look for the Badan Arsip dan Perpustakaan Daerah on your right after one kilometer or so.
The archival collections here are organized first and foremost by region. For this reason, certain collections can span the Dutch, Japanese and independence eras. It is also worth noting that administrative regions have continually split into pieces, meaning that one archival region may split into two or three archives at a later period. Finally, certain regions have two overlapping archival collections; the only way to differentiate them is through the collection number (not by content).
The following are the documentary collections, listed by their catalog number in the reading room collection:
- 1 Arsip Bantaeng, 1866-1973
- 2 Arsip Barru, 1920-1976
- 3 Arsip Bone, 1960-1987
- 4 Arsip Bulukumba, 1930-1960
- 5 Arsip Celebes, 1908-1945
- 6 Arsip Enrekang, 1890-1971
- 7 Arsip Gowa, 1936-1973
- 8 Arsip Gowa II, 1920-1974
- 9 Arsip Jawatan Kehutanan Wajo, 1937-1968
- 10 Arsip Jeneponto, 1910-1969
- 11 Arsip Kantor Wilayah DepAg [Department of Religious Affairs], Prop. SulSel, 1947-1990
- 12 Arsip Kantor Wilayah Dep. Penerangan RI, Prop. SulSel, 1947-1980
- 13 Arsip Kotamadya Makassar, 1926-1988
- 14 Arsip Legium Veteran, 1931-1977
- 15 Arsip Luwu, 1918-1970
- 16 Arsip Majene, 1951-1961
- 17 Arsip Memuju, 1963-1995
- 18 Arsip Maros, 1943-1975
- 19 Arsip Maros, 1949-1996
- 20 Arsip Pangkep, 1947-1979
- 21 Arsip Pemerintah Daerah Tk. II Kendari, 1937-1981
- 22 Arsip Pengadilan Negeri Luwu, 1907-1967
- 23 Arsip Perusahaan Daerah Air Minum UP, 1922-1965
- 24 Arsip Pinrang II, 1947-1985
- 25 Arsip Polmas, 1918-1983
- 26 Arsip Pribadi Hasanudding Prawing, 1952-1977
- 27 Arsip Pribadi Muh. Saleh Lahade, 1937-1973
- 28 Arsip Pribadi Riri Amin Daud, 1945-1985
- 29 Arsip Pribadi Yanci Raib
- 30 Arsip Propinsi SulSel (Biasa), 1964-1974
- 31 Arsip Prop. SulSelRa, Prop. SulSel (Rahasia), 1960-1964
- 32 Arsip Prop. SulSelRa, 1960-1964
- 33 Arsip Selajar, 1823-1973
- 34 Arsip Sidrap, 1950-1978
- 35 Arsip Sinjai, 1951-1974
- 36 Arsip Soppeng, 1908-1959
- 37 Arsip Soppeng II, 1960-1976
- 38 Arsip Takalar, 1954-1955
- 39 Arsip Toraja, 1901-1959
- 40 Arsip Toraja II, 1959-1960
- 41 Arsip Wajo, 1927-1972
- 42 Arsip Wajo II, 1967-1994
- 43 Arsip NIT, 1946-1950
- 44 Arsip Kanwil DepSos [Department of Social Affairs], 1960-1998
- 45 Arsip Prop. Vol I, 1950-1960
- 46 Arsip Prop. Sulawesi, 1946-1960
- 47 Daftar Katalog Lontara, Rol 1-82
- 48 Daftar Katalog Sub Dit Layanan Arsip Nasional RI
The provincial offices of the Kementerian Agama for Sulawesi have an archive that starts in 1947, whereas at the National Archive the Kementerian Agama collection is only listed as starting at 1972 (with a few scattered documents from earlier years). That makes the Arsip SulSel the most complete collection for the Ministry of Religion in the Orde Lama period.
The South Sulawesi chapter of Muhammadiyah has also donated its archives, apparently a huge collection, to the Arsip SulSel for cataloging and preservation, but no funds have been found yet to do that cataloging. The collection is on site, however, and it might be possible to kick-start that process if someone were so inspired.
Researchers can arrive and access archives same day, but in order to use the collections foreigners must first provide a copy of their national research permit. Any foreign researcher conducting any academic research anywhere in Indonesia must enter the country on a research visa and secure a research permit (Surat Izin Penelitian) from the Indonesian Ministry of Research and Technology (MenRisTek). For information on this process, see Research Procedures for Foreigners.
To use the South Sulawesi archives, researchers must also pay a Rp. 10,000 fee to use the archives (good for a period of 3 months), for which a receipt with a leges will be provided. Be sure to get the leges (a type of notarized stamp that proves the money is going into the national treasury); sometimes the staff person in charge of leges can be out of the office, but it is wise to make sure that you get the official receipt with stamp the same day you pay.
Permitted and prohibited items
There are no posted regulations on permitted or prohibited items, but the reading room staff do ensure that items potentially dangerous to the archives (drinks, food, and the like) are consumed at a separate table or outside. Laptops, notebooks, ink pens, etc. seem to be absolutely fine.
Document ordering and delivery
Archival folders can be ordered as many as ten at a time, but can only be read one at a time. After you identify the numbers you want from the catalog, submit a form to the worker on duty, who will collect them from the back in the space of roughly half an hour. She will then hold all the folders you are not using, and give them to you one-by-one as you turn in the last one you were working on; this is to ensure that papers do not get mixed into the wrong folders and can eventually be waived if the researcher builds up sufficient trust with the staff.
Photocopying, photography, microfilming
Photocopies cost Rp. 1000 per page (although it seems students or Indonesian citizens might pay a lower price). They can generally be picked up the next day. The staff can show you how to flag pages for photocopying. Payment is made upon delivery of the copies-- and the official receipt! (This time no leges, just a normal stamp.)
The head of the archives division is Ahmad Saransi, whose office is across the hall from the reading room. He is very affable, happy both to help and to learn from researchers who visit.
The archive does not require bags to be stored in lockers, just on the floor at your feet. The reading room is air-conditioned, but positioned in the building to catch the afternoon sun, so no need to bundle up too much.
The archives have a canteen around back that serves classic Makassar food at very cheap prices (as of April 2010, Rp. 7000 for a very generous portion of fish, vegetables, and rice). There are also two delicious warung just outside the gate on the right. Those with stomachs too delicate for street food will have to ride a pete-pete for ten minutes or so to Central Mall to find something more upscale.
There is no wi-fi or public internet in the archives, but there is an internet cafe (named Markaz) directly across the street from the archives. Sadly, as of October 2010 the internet cafe is still not able to print, but the connection is fast enough for everyday email needs.
(links to relevant websites and resources)